The wind is a natural energy source that will never run out. Technically speaking, wind power is the conversion of the kinetic energy of the wind (achieved through rotating blades), to mechanical energy. This renewable energy resource can been seen in action around the world in various sizes of wind turbines that produce electricity.Depending on the size of the wind turbine generator, house or building, kilowatt-scale wind turbines can be tied into a structure's meter or nearby local electrical supply in an arrangement called net metering, which feeds any excess power generated back to the local utilities. Or as Wikipedia puts it: "Net metering (or net energy metering, NEM) allows consumers who generate some or all of their own electricity to use that electricity anytime, instead of when it is generated."
With many wind farms generating clean energy in Vermont, other states, and around the world, there are numerous resources discussing relevant economic, environmental, and public health issues. For a high-level overview of the fundamentals of wind power, with Vermont-specific information, click here.
As of 2013, wind power in Vermont consists of 119 megawatts (MW) of operational wind farms. The first megawatt turbine in the world was installed at Grandpa’s Knob, in Vermont, in 1941 (see photo). Source: Wikipedia
In Vermont there is strong potential for wind-power electric generation projects. The best sites for wind development in Vermont are those with strong, consistent wind.
Wind energy installations of all sizes are around the state as schools, homeowners, farmers, and businesses utilize the clean, money saving benefits of the power in the wind.Source: REV
A study conducted by the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources documents the positive construction-phase and post-construction biological monitoring results for streams around the Sheffield Wind project in Vermont’s Northeast Kingdom, which consistently ranked in Very Good and Excellent condition. Download the study here.
Several wind farms already in operation in Vermont have employed hundreds of Vermonters and are making significant annual financial contributions in tax payments to their host communities and to the statewide education fund. Download an informational table here.
An independent study commissioned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to study potential public health issues related to the sounds from wind farms concluded that no harmful health effects can be linked to wind farms. And by displacing dirtier sources of power in our region’s energy mix, wind energy improves public health by reducing air pollution. To read a summary of the study’s key findings, click here and to download a full copy of the study click here.
A study conducted by researchers at Berkeley and sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy analyzed thousands of property values and real estate transaction data in multiple U.S. communities surrounding commercial wind farms, including properties located within one mile.
The authors found “no statistical evidence that home prices near wind turbines were affected in either the post-construction or post-announcement/pre-construction periods.” To download the full study click here.
Here are some of the organizations working on wind as a clean renewable energy resource.